Updated: Wednesday January 27, 2021/AlArbia'a Jamada El Thaniah 14, 1442/Budhavara Magha 07, 1942, at 04:59:12 AM
The Law Reports’ Act, 1875
ACT No. XVIII of 1875
[l3th October, 1875]
An Act for the improvement of Law Reports.
2* * * * * * *
1. Short title. This Act may be called3 the Law Reports Act, 1875.
Local Extent4.- [It extends to the whole of Pakistan:]
Commencement. And it shall come into force on such day as the5 “[Federal Government] notifies in this behalf in the6 official Gazette].
2. [Reveal of Act II of 1875.} Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1876 (XII of 1876).
3. Authority given only to authorized reports. No Court shall be bound to hear cited, or shall receive or treat as an authority binding on it, the report of any case7 “[decided on or after the said day by any8 High Court], other than a report published under the authority of9 [a Provincial Government].
4. Authority of judicial decisions. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to give to any judicial decision any further or other authority than it would have had if this Act had not been passed.
1For the Statement of Objects and Reasons, see Gazette of India, 1875 Pt. V, p. 139; for Proceedings, in Council, see ibid., Extra Supplement, dated 31st July, 1875, p. 5, and ibid.. Extraordinary, dated 25th October, 1875, p.1.
This Act came into force on 111876, see Notifn. No. 22D/23/11/75,Gaz. of India, 1875, Pt. I, p. 589.
2preamble rep. by A.O., 1937.
3The word “Indian” omitted by A.O., 1949, Sch.
4Subs. by the Central Laws (Statute Reform) Ordinance, 1960 (21 of 1960), s. 3 and 2nd Sch, (with effect from the 14th October, 1955), for the original para, as amended by A.O., 1949, Arts. 3(2) and 4.
5Subs. by F.A.O., 1975, Art. 2 and Table, for “Central Government” which was subs. by A.O., 1937, for “G.G. in C.”.
6Subs. ibid., for “Gazette of India”.
7Subs. ibid., for “decided by any of the said High Courts or by the Chief Court of Oudh on or after the said day”, For list of courts which are High Courts for the purposes of the Government of India Act, 1935, see s. 219 of that Act.
8The original words “Court in British India which is a High Court for the purposes of the Government of India Act, 1935 “ have successively been amended by A.O., 1949, arts. 3(2) and 4, and the Central Laws (Statute Reform) Ordinance, 1960 (21 of 1960), s. 3 and 2nd Sch. (with effect from the 14th October, 1955), to read as above.
9The original words” the G. G. in C. “have successively been subs. by the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920), s. 2 and Sch. I. A.O., 1937, and Ord. 21 of 1960, s. 3 and 2nd Sch. (with effect from the 14th October, 1955), to read as above.
15. Certification by the courts, etc.- A court or tribunal deciding a matter shall at the end of the judgment or order, as the case may be, certify in the form specified in the Schedule that it is based upon or enunciates a principle of law or decides a question of law which is of first impression or distinguishes, overrules, reverses or explains a previous decision.
Explanation.- For the purpose of this Act, the expression “court on tribunal” includes the Federal Shariat Court, a Service Tribunal, the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal and the National Industrial Relations Commission.
6. Restriction on the publication of judgements and orders.- No judgement or order of a court tribunal shall be published or printed 2[in a Law Report] by any publisher, printer or any other person, unless it is approved for reporting by a court or tribunal or is certified under section 5.
7. Penalty.- (1) Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 6 shall be punished with fine which may extend to one lac rupees or in default of payment of fine with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months.
(2) All copies of a publication in respect of which a person is convicted under subsection (1) shall stand forfeited to the Provincial Government.
8. Jurisdiction to try offences.- No court shall take cognizance of an offence punishable under this Act except upon a complaint in writing made by the Presiding Officer of the court or tribunal by which the judgement or order in respect of which the offence was committed was given or made, or by an officer generally or specially empowered by him in this behalf 3[ or by any office holder of a registered Bar Association or a Bar council] and no court other than a court of session shall try any such offence.].
(See Section 5)
In the Court */Tribunal………………
(Title of the case)
Certified that the judgement */order is based upon or enunciates a principal of Law */ decides a question of law which is of first impression/ distinguishes/ overrules/ reverses/ explains a previous decision.
*Strike out whichever is not applicable.]
1Added by Act No. II of 1990, ss. 2 and 3.
2Ins. by Ord. 67 of 2002, ss. 2 and 3.
3ins. By Ord. 67 of 02, ss. 2 and 3.
4Added by Act. No. II of 1990, ss. 2 and 3.