Last Updated: Tuesday January 13, 2009

The Mines’ Act, 1923

SECTIONS

CONTENTS

 

 

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

 

1.

Short title, extent and commencement.

 

2.

Omitted.

 

3.

Definitions.

 

CHAPTER II

INSPECTORS

4.

Chief Inspector and Inspectors.

 

5.

Functions of Inspectors.

 

6.

Powers of Inspectors of Mines.

 

7.

Powers of special officer to enter, measure, etc.

 

8.

Facilities to be a afforded to Inspectors.

 

9.

Secrecy of information obtained.

 

CHAPTER III

MINING BOARDS AND COMMITTEES

10.

Mining Boards.

 

11.

Committees.

 

12.

Powers of Mining Boards.

 

13.

Recovery of expenses.

 

CHAPTER IV

MINING OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT OF MINES

14.

Notice to be given of mining operations.

 

15.

Managers.

 

16.

Duties and responsibilities of owners, agents and managers.

 

CHAPTER V

PROVISIONS AS TO HEALTH AND SAFETY

17.

Conservancy.

 

17A.

Canteens.

 

17B.

Shelters.

 

18.

Medical appliances.

 

18A.

First-aid rooms.

 

19.

Powers of Inspectors when causes of danger not expressly provided against exist or when employment of persons is dangerous.

 

20.

Notice to be given of accidents.

 

21.

Power of Government to appoint court of inquiry in cases of accidents.

 

22.

Publication of reports.

 

CHAPTER VI

HOURS AND LIMITATION OF EMPLOYMENT

22A.

Weekly day of rest.

 

22B.

Hours of work above ground.

 

22C.

Hours of work below ground.

 

22D.

Special provision for night relays.

 

23.

Prohibition of employment of certain persons.

 

23A.

Repealed.

 

23B.

Notices regarding hours of works.

 

23C.

Limitation of hours of work for females.

 

24.

Supervising staff.

 

25.

Exemption from provisions regarding employment.

 

26.

Children.

 

26A.

Young persons not to be allowed underground without certificates of fitness.

 

26B.

Limitation of working hours for young persons.

 

27.

Disputes as to age.

 

28.

Register of employees.

 

28A.

Application of the Chapter.

 

28B.

Annual leave with wages.

 

28C.

Festival holidays.

 

28D.

Casual leave and sick leave.

 

28E.

Wages during leave or holiday periods.

 

28F.

Payment in advance in Certain Cases.

 

28G.

Power of Inspector to act for Workers.

 

CHAPTER VII

REGULATIONS, RULES AND BYE LAWS

29.

Power of appropriate Government to make regul­ations.

 

30.

Power of appropriate Government to make rules.

 

30A.

Power of appropriate Government to  require rescue stations to be established.

 

31.

Prior publication of regulations and rules.

 

31A.

Power to make regulations without previous publica­tion.

 

32.

Bye-laws.

 

33.

Posting up of extracts from Act, regulations, etc.

 

CHAPTER VIII

PENALTIES  AND PROCEDURE

34.

Obstruction.

 

35.

Falsification of records, etc.

 

36.

Omission to furnish plans, etc.

 

37.

Contravention of provisions regarding employment of labour.

 

38.

Notice of accidents.

 

39.

Disobedience of orders.

 

40.

Contravention of law with dangerous results.

 

41.

Prosecution of owner, agent or manager.

 

42.

Limitation of prosecutions.

 

43.

Cognizance of offences.

 

44.

Reference to Mining Board or Committee in lieu of prosecution in certain cases.

 

 

CHAPTER IX

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

45.

Decision of question whether a mine is under this Act.

 

46.

Power to exempt from operation of Act.

 

47.

Power to alter or rescind orders.

 

48.

Application of Act to Government mines.

 

49.

Saving.

 

50.

Repealed.

 

SCHEDULE Repealed.

 

The Mines’ Act, 1923

ACT NO. IV OF 1923

23rd  FEBRUARY. 1923

An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to the regulation and inspection of mines.

whereas it is expedient to amend and consolidate the law relating to the regulation and inspection of mines;

It is hereby enacted as follows:--- 

CHAPTER I

preliminary

l. Short title extent and commencement.---  (l) This Act may be called the  Mines’ Act, 1923.

(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan.

(3) It shall come into force on the first day of July, 1924.

 2. Saving of Regulation XII of 1887. Omitted by para and Schedule I of the Government of India (Adaptation of Indian Laws) Order, 1937.

 3. Definitions.  In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,---

(a) “agent” when used in relation to a mine, means any person appointed or acting as the representative of the owner in respect of the management of the mine or of any part thereof, and as such superior to a manager under this Act ;

(aa)  appropriate Government means, in relation to mines of nuclear substances, mineral oil natural gas and liquids and substances declared by Federal Law to be dangerously inflammable, oilfields and gas fields the Federal Government and, in relation to other mines, the Provincial Government;

(b) “Chief Inspector” means the Chief Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act;

(c) “child” means a person who has not completed his fifteenth year;

(cc) “day” means a period of twenty-four hours beginning at midnight;

 (d) a person is said to be “employed” in a mine who works under appointment by or with the knowledge of the manager, whether for wages or not, in any mining operation, or in cleaning or oiling any part of any machinery used in or about the mine, or in any other kind of work whatsoever incidental to, or connected with, mining operations ;

(e) " Inspector " means an Inspector of Mines appointed under this Act, and includes a District Magistrate when exercising any power or performing any duty of an Inspector which he is empowered by this Act to exercise or perform ;

(f) " mine " means any excavation where any operation for

the purpose of searching for or obtaining minerals has been or is being carried on, and includes all works, machinery, tramways and sidings, whether above or below ground, in or adjacent to or belonging to a mine :

Provided that it shall not include any part of such premises on which a manufacturing process is being carried on unless such process is a process for coke making or the dressing of minerals ;

(g) " owner ", when used in relation to a mine, means any person who is the immediate proprietor or lessee or occupier of the mine or of any part thereof, but does not include a person who merely receives a royalty, rent or fine from the mine, or is merely the proprietor of the mine subject to any lease, grant or license for the working thereof, or is merely the owner of the soil and not interested in the minerals of the mine ; but any contractor for the working of a mine or any part thereof shall be subject to this Act in like manner as if he were an owner, but not so as to exempt the owner from any liability ;

(h) " prescribed" means prescribed by regulations, rules or bye-laws;

(i) " qualified medical practitioner " means any person registered under any Act of the Central Legislature or any Provincial Legislature providing for the maintenance of a register of medical practi­tioners, and includes, in any area where no such last mentioned Act is in force, any person declared by the appropriate Government, by notification in the offi­cial Gazette, to be a qualified medical practitioner for the purposes of this Act ;

(i) " regulations ", " rules " and "bye-laws" means respec­tively regulations, rules and bye-laws made under this Act;

(ii) where work of the same kind is carried out by two or more sets of workers working during different periods of the day, each of such sets is called a  relay  and the period for which it works is called a  shift ;

(k) " serious bodily injury " means any injury which in­volves, or in all probability will involve, the permanent loss of the use of, or permanent injury to, any part of the body or the permanent loss of or injury to the sight or hearing, or the fracture of any part of the body or the enforced absence of the injured person from work for a period exceeding twenty days; and

(l) “week” means the period between midnight on Saturday night and midnight on the succeeding Satur­day night. 

CHAFFER II

INSPECTORS

4. Chief inspector and inspectors.--- (1) The appropriate Government  may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint a duly qualified person to be Chief Inspector of Mines for the whole of Pakistan; or for the Province, as the case may be- and duly qualified persons to be Inspectors of Mines subordinate to the Chief Inspector.

(2) No person shall be appointed to be Chief Inspector or an Inspector, or having been appointed shall continue to hold such office who is or becomes directly or indirectly interested in any mine or mining rights in Pakistan.

(3) The District Magistrate may exercise the powers and perform the duties of an Inspector subject to the general or special orders of the appropriate Government j ;

Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to empower a District Magistrate to exercise any of the powers conferred by section 19 or section 32.

(4) The Chief Inspector and every Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Pakistan Penal Code. 

5. Functions of inspectors.  —  (1) The Chief Inspector may, by order in writing, prohibit or restrict the exercise by any Inspector named, or any class of Inspectors specified, in the order of any power conferred on Inspectors by this Act, and shall, subject as aforesaid, declare the local area or areas within which, or the group or class of mines with respect to which. Inspectors shall exercise their respective powers.

(2) The Inspector shall give information to owners, agents and managers of mines, situate within the local area or areas or belonging to the group or class of mines, in respect of which he exercises powers under sub-section (1) as to all regulations and rules which concern them respectively and as to the places where copies of such regulations and rules may be obtained. 

6. Powers of inspectors of Mines.  The Chief Inspector and any Inspector may —

(a) make such examination and inquiry as he thinks fit in order to ascertain whether the provisions of this Act and of the regulations, rules and bye-laws and of any orders made thereunder are observed in the case of any mine;

(b) with such assistants (if any) as he thinks fit, enter, inspect and examine any mine or any part thereof at

(c) examine into, and make inquiry respecting, the state and condition of any mine or any part thereof, the ventilation of the mine, the sufficiency of the bye-laws for the time being in force relating to the mine, and all matters and things connected with or relating to the safety health and welfare of the persons employed in the mine;

(d) take, whether on the precincts of the mine or elsewhere, statement of any person which he may consider necess­ary for carrying out the purposes of this Act;

Provided that no one shall be required under this section to answer or give any evidence tending to cri­minate himself;

(e) require the production of any books, registers or other documents, the keeping of which is prescribed, in order to see that they are in conformity with the provisions of this Act and rules and regulations framed thereunder and take into his custody, or make copies of, or extracts from, any such book register or other document;

(f) after informing the manager of a mine or his representa­tive, take or remove, for the purpose of analysis sam­ples of materials and substances used or handled in the mine. 

7. Powers of special officer to enter, measure, etc.  Any person in the service of the  State duly authori­sed. by a special order in writing of the Chief Inspector or of an Inspector in this behalf may, for the purpose of surveying, leveling or measuring in any mine, after giving not less than three days notice to the manager of such mine, enter the mine and may survey, level or measure the mine or any part thereof at any reasonable time by day or night, but not so as unreasonably to impede or obstruct the working of the mine :

Provided that no such notice need be given if, for reasons to be recorded, the Chief Inspector or Inspector is of opinion that there is an emergency. 

8. Facilities to be afforded to inspectors.  Every owner, agent and manager of a mine shall afford the Chief Inspector and every Inspector and every person au­thorised under section 7 all reasonable facilities for making any entry, inspection, survey, measurement, examination or inquiry under this Act. 

9. Secrecy of information obtained.  —  (1) All copies of, and extracts from, registers or other records appertaining to any mine, and all other information acquired by the Chief Inspector or an Inspector or by any one assisting him, in the course of the inspection of any mine under this Act or acquired by any person authorised under section 7 in the exercise of his duties thereunder, shall be regarded as confidential and shall not be disclosed to any person other than a Magistrate or a Commissioner for Workmen’s Com­pensation appointed under the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923, or an official superior or the owner, agent or manager of the mine concerned, unless the Chief Inspector or the Inspector considers disclosure necessary to ensure the safety of any personal.

(2) If the Chief Inspector, or an Inspector or any other person referred to in sub-section (1) discloses  contrary to the provisions of sub-section (1), any such information as aforesaid without the consent of the appropriate Government, he shall be guilty of a breach of official trust, and shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.

(3) No court shall proceed to the trial of any offence under this section except with the previous sanction of the appro­priate Government. 

9A. Secrecy of source of complaint.  — The Chief Inspector or an Inspector shall treat as absolutely confidential the source of any complaint bringing to his notice a defect or breach of any provision of this Act or any rules or regulations made thereunder and shall not give any intimation to the owner of the mine or his representative that a visit of in­spection was made in consequence of the receipt of such a com­plaint 

CHAPTER III

MINING BOARDS AND COMMITTEES

10. Mining Boards.  —  (1) The appropriate Government may constitute 8for any part of Pakistan or, as the case may be, of the Pro­vince, or for any group or class of mines, a Mining Board consisting of —

(a) a person in the service of the State, not being the Chief Inspector or an Inspector, nominated by the appropriate Government to act as chairman ;

(b) the Chief Inspector or an Inspector ;

(c) a person, not being the Chief Inspector or an Inspector, nominated by the appropriate Government;

(d) two persons nominated by owners of mines or their representatives in such manner as may be prescribed ;

(e) two persons to represent the interest of miners, who shall be nominated in accordance with the following provisions : —

(i) if there are one or more registered trade unions hav­ing in the aggregate as members not less than one quarter of the miners, the said persons shall be nominated by such trade union or trade unions in such manner as may be prescribed ;

(ii) if sub-clause (i) is not applicable and there are one or more registered trade unions having in the ag­gregate as members not less than 1,000 miners, one of the said persons shall be nominated by such trade union or trade unions in such manner as may be prescribed and the other by the appropriate Government ;

(iii) if neither sub-clause (i) nor sub-clause (ii) is appli­cable, the said persons shall be nominated by the appropriate Government.

Explanation. — In this clause  minor means a person em­ployed otherwise than in a position of supervision or manage­ment, in any of the mines for which the Mining Board is constitut­ed..

(2) The chairman shall appoint a person to act as secretary to the Board.

(3) The appropriate Government may give directions as to the payment of travelling expenses incurred by the secretary or any member of any such Mining Board in the performance of his duty as such secretary or member. 

11. Committees.  —  (1) Where under this Act any question relating to a mine is referred to a Committee, the Committee shall consist of —

(a) a chairman nominated by the appropriate Govern­ment or by such officer or authority as the appropriate Government may authorise in this behalf;

(b) a person nominated by the chairman and qualified by experience to dispose of the question referred to the Committee ; and

(c) two persons of whom one shall be nominated by the owner, agent or manager of the mine concerned, and the other shall be nominated by the appropriate

Government to represent the interests of the persons employed in the mine.

(2) No Inspector or person employed in or in the manage­ment of any mine concerned shall serve as chairman or member of a Committee appointed under this section.

(3) Where an owner, agent or manager fails to exercise his power of nomination under clause (c) of sub-section (1), the Committee may, notwithstanding such failure, proceed to inquire into and dispose of the matter referred to it.

(4) The Committee shall hear and record such information as the Chief Inspector or the Inspector, or the owner, agent or manager of the mine concerned, may place before it, and shall intimate its decision to the Chief Inspector or the Inspector and to the owner, agent or manager of the mine, and shall report its decision to the appropriate Government.

(5) On receiving such report the appropriate Government shall pass orders in conformity therewith unless the Chief Inspec­tor or the owner, agent or manager of the mine has lodged an objection to the decision of the Committee, in which case the appropriate Government may proceed to review such decision and to pass such orders in the matter as it may think fit. If an objection is lodged by the Chief Inspector, notice of the same shall forthwith be given to the owner, agent or manager of the mine.

(6) The appropriate Government may give directions as to the remuneration, if any, to be paid to the members of th® Committee or any of them, and as to the payment of the expenses of the inquiry including such remuneration. 

12. Powers of mining Boards.  —  (1) Any Mining Board constituted under section 10 and any Committee constituted under section 11 may exercise such of the powers of an Inspector under this Act as it thinks necessary or expedient to exercise for the purpose of deciding or reporting upon any matter referred to it.

(2) Every Mining Board constituted under section 10 and every Committee appointed under section 11 shall have the powers of a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, for the purpose of enforcing the attendance of witnesses and compelling the production of documents and material objects ; and every person required by any such Mining Board or Com­mittee to furnish information before it shall be deemed to be-legally bound to do so within the meaning of section 176 of the Pakistan Penal Code. 

13. Recovery of expenses.  The appropriate Government may direct that the expenses of any inquiry conducted by a Mining Board constituted under section 10 or by a Committee appointed under section 11 shall be borne in whole or in part by the owner or agent of the mine concerned, and the amount so directed to be paid may, on application by The Chief Inspector or an Inspec­tor to a Magistrate having jurisdiction at the place where the. mine is situated or where such owner or agent is for the time being resident- be recovered by the distress and sale of any move-able property within the limits of the Magistrates jurisdiction belonging to such owner or agent. 

CHAPTER IV

MINING OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT OF MINES

14. Notice before commencement of mining operations.  —  (1) The owner, agent or manager of a mine shall, in the case of an existing mine within one month from the commence­ment of the Mines (Amendment) Ordinance, 1973, or in the case of proposed mining operations, not less than fifteen days before the commencement of such operations, give to the Chief Inspec­tor and the District Magistrate of the district in which the mine is situated or the operations will commence notice in writing in such form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed.

(2) If the proposed operations in respect of which notice is given under sub-section (1) are not commenced within sixty days from the date on which the notice was given, the said notice shall be deemed to have expired and no operations shall commence except after a notice has been given in accordance with that sub­section. 

15. Managers.  —  (1) Save as may be otherwise prescribed, every mine shall be under one manager who shall have the prescribed quali­fications and shall be responsible for the control, management and direction of the mine, and the owner or agent of every mine shall appoint himself or some other person, having such qualifications, to be such manager.

(2) If any mine is worked without there being a manager for the mine as required by sub-section (1), the owner and agent shall each be deemed to have contravened the provisions of this section. 

16. Duties and responsibilities of owners, agents and managers.  —  (1) The owner, agent and manager of every mine shall be responsible that all operations carried on in connection there­with are conducted in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of the regulations, rules and bye-laws and of any orders made thereunder.

(2) In the event of any contravention of any such provision a by any person whomsoever: the owner, agent and manager of the mine shall each be deemed also to be guilty of such contravention unless he proves that he had taken all reasonable means, by publishing and to the best of his power enforcing those provi­sions, to prevent such contravention :

Provided that the owner or agent shall not be so deemed if he proves —

(a) that he was not in the habit of taking, and did not in respect of the matter in question take, any part in the management of the mine ; and

(b) that he had made all the financial and other provisions necessary to enable the manager to carry out his duties; and

(c) that the offence was committed without his knowledge, consent or connivance.

(3) Save as hereinbefore provided, it shall not be a defence in any proceedings brought against an owner or agent of a mine under this section that a manager of the mine has been appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act. 

CHAPTER V

PROVISIONS AS TO HEALTH AND SAFETY

17. Conservancy.  There shall be provided and maintained for every mine i latrine and urinal accommodation of such kind and on such scale, and such supply of water fit for drinking, as may be prescribed. 

17.A.  Canteens.    At every   mine   wherein more than  one  hundred persons are ordinarily employed, a canteen of such standard as may be prescribed shall be provided for the use of persons employed therein. 

17B. Shelters.  There shall be provided and maintained for use ! of persons working above ground in a mine, during intervals for rest, shelters of such standard and on such scale as may be prescribed. 

18. Medical appliances.  At every mine  such supply of ambulances or stretchers, and of splints, bond ages and other medical require­ments, as may be prescribed, shall be kept ready at hand in convenient place and in good and serviceable order. 

18.A. First aid rooms.  At every mine in respect of which the appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare this section to apply, there shall be provided first-aid rooms of such size, with such equipment and in charge of such medical and nursing staff as may be prescribed. 

19. Powers of inspectors when causes of danger not expressly provided against exist or when employment of persons is dangerous.  —  (1) If, in any respect which is not provided against by any express provision of this Act or of the regulations, rules or bye-laws or of any orders made thereunder, it appears to the Chief Inspector or the Inspector that any mine, or any part thereof or any matter, thing or practice in or connected with the mine, or with the control, management or direction thereof, is dangerous to human life health or safety, or detective so as to threaten, or tend to. the bodily injury of any person, he may give notice in writing thereof to the owner, agent or manager of the mine, and shall state in the notice the particulars in which he considers the mine, or part thereof, or the matter, thing or practice, to be dangerous or defective and require the same to be remedied within such time as he may specify in the notice.

(1A) Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in sub-section (1), the Chief Inspector or the Inspector may, in any area to which the 4appropriate Government may by notification in the official Gazette declare that this sub­section applies, by order in writing addressed to the owner, agent or manager of a mine, —  prohibit the extraction or reduction of pillars in any part of the mine if, in his opinion, such operation is likely to cause the crushing of pillars or the premature col­lapse of any part of the workings or otherwise end­anger the mine, or if, in his opinion, adequate provision against the outbreak of fire or flooding has not been made by providing for the sealing off and isolation of the part of the mine in which such operation is con­templated and for restricting the area that might be affected by a fire or flooding,  and the provisions of sub-sections (3), (4), (5) and (6) shall apply to an order made under this sub-section as they apply to an order made under sub-section (2).

(2) If the Chief Inspector or an Inspector authorised in this behalf by general or special order in writing by the Chief Ins­pector is of opinion that there is urgent and immediate danger to the life health or safety of any person employed in any mine or part thereof, he may, by an order in writing containing a statement of the grounds of his opinion, prohibit, until the danger is removed, the employment in or about the mine or part thereof of any person whose employment is not in his opinion reasonably neces­sary for the purpose of removing the danger.

(3) Where an order has been made under sub-section (2) by an Inspector, the owner, agent or manager of the mine may, within ten days after the receipt of the order, appeal against the same to the Chief Inspector who may confirm, modify or cancel the order.

(4) The Chief Inspector or the Inspector making a requisi­tion under sub-section (1) or an order under sub-section (2), and the Chief Inspector making an order (other than an order of cancellation) in appeal under sub-section (3), shall forthwith report the same to the appropriate Government and shall in­form the owner, agent or manager of the mine that such report has been so made.

(5) If the owner, agent or manager of the mine objects to a requisition made under sub-section (1) or to an order made by the Chief Inspector under sub-section (2), or sub-section (3), he may, within twenty days after the receipt of the notice containing the requisition or of the order or after the date of the decision of the appeal, as the case may be, send his objection in writing, stating the grounds thereof, to the appropriate Government which shall refer the same to a Committee.

(6) Every requisition made under sub-section (1), or order made under sub-section (2), or sub-section (3) to which objection is made under sub-section (5), shall be complied with pending the receipt at the mine of the decision of the Committee :

Provided that the Committee may, on the application of the owner, agent or manager, suspend the operation of a requisition under sub-section (1) pending its decision on the objection.

(7) Nothing in this section shall affect the powers of a Magis­trate under section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. 

20. Notice to be given, of accidents.  —  (l) Whenever there occurs in or about a mine —

(a) an accident causing loss of life or serious bodily injury, or

(b) an accidental explosion, ignition, spontaneous heating, outbreak of fire or eruption or inrush of water or other liquid matter, or

(c) an influx of inflammable or noxious gases, or

(d} a breakage of ropes, chains or other gear by which persons or materials are lowered or raised in a shaft or an incline, or

(e) an over winding of cages or other means of conveyance in any shaft while persons or materials are being lowered or raised, or

(f) an electric shock or burn caused by contact with a conductor carrying more than 25 volts, or

(g) any other accident that may be prescribed, the owner, agent or manager of the mine shall give notice of the occurrence to such authorities, in such form and within such time as may be prescribed.

(1A) Where a notice given under sub-section (1) relates to an accident causing loss of life, the Inspector shall make, or, where the authority receiving the notice is one other than the Inspector, that authority shall cause the Inspector to make, an inquiry into the occurrence as early as possible on receipt of such notice or on information received otherwise.

(1B) When an accident causing loss of life occurs, the place of the accident shall not be disturbed or tampered with for three clear days from the date of such accident unless the Inspector has earlier inspected it or given intimation that it is not proposed to make an inquiry :

Provided that the place of accident may be disturbed if it is necessary for securing the safety of the mine or the persons employed therein, subject to the following conditions : —

(a) the decision that it is necessary to disturb the place must be taken by the manager ;

(b) the disturbance must not prejudice subsequent inves­tigation ;

(c) the workers representative must have reasonable opportunity to inspect the place if he wishes ;

(d) an accurate plan must be made, and copies thereof made available to the Inspector and the workers representative ; and

(e) everything which is relevant to the accident must be preserved, as far as possible, in the condition in which it was at the time of the accident.

(2) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the 3official Gazette, direct that accidents other than those specified in sub-section (1) which cause bodily injury resulting in the enforced absence from work of the person injured for a period exceeding forty-eight hours, shall be entered in a register in the prescribed form or shall be subject to the provisions of sub-section (1).

(3) A copy of the entries in the register referred to in sub­section (2) shall be sent by the owner, agent, or manager of the mine, within fourteen days after the 30th day of June and the 31st day of December in each year, to the Chief Inspector. 

20. A. Notice of occupational diseases.  —  (1) Where any person employed in a mine contracts or is believed to have contracted any disease notified by the appropriate Government in the official Gazette as an occupational disease peculiar to any mining operation, the owner, agent or manager of the mine, as the case may be, shall send notice thereof to the Chief Inspector and to such other authorities, in such form and within such time as may be prescribed.

(2) The appropriate Government may, by order, appoint such qualified medical practitioners on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit to be certifying doctors for the purpose of this section within such local limits as it may specify in the order.

(3) If the Chief Inspector or an Inspector has reason to be­lieve that any person working in a mine has contracted a disease notified under sub-section (1), he may refer that person to the certifying doctor for his opinion.

(4) If any qualified medical practitioner attends on a person who is or has been employed in a mine and who is or is believed by the medical practitioner to be suffering from any disease noti­fied under sub-section (1). the medical practitioner shall without delay send a report in writing to the Chief Inspector stating —

(a) the name and address of the patient ;

(b) the disease from which the patient is or is believed to be suffering ; and

(c) the name and address of the mine in which the patient is or was last employed.

(5) Where the report under sub-section (4) is confirmed to the satisfaction of the Chief Inspector by the certificate of a cer­tifying doctor that the person is suffering from a disease notified under sub-section (1), the Chief Inspector shall pay to the medical practitioner such fee as may be prescribed, and the fee so paid shall be recoverable as an arrear of land revenue from the owner, agent or manager of the mine in which the person contracted the disease.

(6) The Chief Inspector or an Inspector, if so advised by the certifying doctor, may direct the owner, agent or manager of the mine to shift for any specified period a person v/ho has contracted an occupational disease to such working place where there is less or no danger of aggravation of the disease. 

21. Power of Government to appoint court of inquiry in cases of accidents.  —  (1) When any accidental explosion, ignition, outbreak of fire or irruption of water or other accident has occurred in or about any mine. the -appropriate Government ,if it is of opinion that a formal inquiry into the causes of, and circumstances at­tending. the accident ought to be held, may appoint a competent person to hold such inquiry, and may also appoint any person or persons possessing legal or special knowledge to act as assessor or assessors in holding the inquiry.

(2) The person appointed to hold any such inquiry shall have all the powers of a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, for the purpose of enforcing the attendance of witnesses and compelling the production of documents and material objects;

and every person required by such person as aforesaid to furnish any information shall be deemed to be legally bound to do so within the meaning of section 176 of the Pakistan Penal Code.

(3) Any person holding an inquiry under this section may exercise such of the powers of an Inspector under this Act as he may think it necessary or expedient to exercise for the purposes of the inquiry.

(4) The person holding an inquiry under this section shall make a report to the appropriate Government stating the causes of the accident and its circumstances, and adding any observations which he or any of the assessors may think fit to make.

22. Publication of reports.  The appropriate Government may cause any report submitted by a Committee under section 11 and shall cause every report submitted by a court of inquiry under section 21 to be published at such time and in such manner as it may think fit. 

CHAPTER VI

HOURS AND LIMITATION OF EMPLOYMENT

22A. Weekly day of rest.  No person shall be allowed to work in mine on more than six days in any one week. 

22B. Hours of work above ground.  —  (1) A person employed above ground in a mine shall not be allowed to work for more than forty eight hours in any week or for more than eight hours in any day.

(2) The periods of work of any such person shall be so arranged that, along with his intervals for rest, they shall not in any day spread over more than ten and a half hours, and that he shall not work for more than five hours before he has had an interval for rest of at least half an hour.

(3) Persons belonging to two or more relays shall not be allowed to do work of the same kind above ground at the same moment :

Provided that for the purposes of this sub-section persons shall not be deemed to belong to separate relays by reason only of the fact that they receive their intervals for rest at different times, 

22C. Hours of work below ground.  —  (1) A person employed below ground in a mine shall not be allowed to work for more than eight hours in any day.

(2) Work of the same kind shall not be carried on below ground in any mine for a period spreading over more than eight hours in any day except by a system of relays so arranged that the periods of work for each relay are not spread over more than eight hours.

(3) No person employed in a mine shall be allowed to be in any part of the mine below ground except during the periods of work shown in respect of him in the register kept under sub­section (1) of section 28. 

22D.  Special provision for night relays.  Where a worker works in a relay whose period of work extends over midnight, the ensuing day for him shall be deemed to be the period of twenty-four hours beginning at the end of the period of work fixed for the relay, and the hours he has worked after midnight shall be counted towards the pre­vious day.

23. Prohibition of employment of certain persons.  No person shall be allowed to work in a mine who has already been working in any other mine within the preceding twelve hours. 

23A. Limitation of working hours.} Rep. by the Indian Mines (Amendment) Act, 1935 (V of 1935), s. 8. 

23B. Notices regarding hours of works.  —  (1) The manager of every mine shall cause to be posted outside the office of the mine a notice in the prescribed form stating the time of the commencement and of the end of work at the mine and, if it is proposed to work by a system of relays, the time of the commencement and of the end of work for each relay. The notice shall also state the time of the commencement and of the end of the intervals for rest fixed for persons employed above ground. A copy of each such notice shall be sent to the Chief Inspector, if he so requires.

(2) In the case of a mine at which mining operations commence after the 14th day of April, 1930, the notice referred to in sub-section (1) shall be posted not less than seven days before the commencement of work.

(3) Where it is proposed to make any alteration in the time fixed for the commencement or for the end of work in the mine generally or for any relay or in the rest intervals fixed for per­sons employed above ground an amended notice in the pres­cribed form shall be posted outside the office of the mine not less than seven days before the change is made, and a copy of such notice shall be sent to the Chief Inspector not less than seven days before such change

(4) No person shall be allowed to work in a mine otherwise than in accordance with the notice required by sub-section (1). 

23C. Employment of women.  — No woman shall be employed in any part of a mine which is below ground.

(2) No woman shall be allowed to work in a mine above ground between the hours of 7 P.M. and 6 A.M.

(3) The provisions of this section shall not apply to women who do not perform manual work and are —

(a) holding positions of managerial or technical character; or

(b) employed in health and welfare services. 

24. Supervising staff.  Nothing in section 22B, section 22C, section 23, sub­section (4) of section 23B, or in section 23C shall apply to persons who may by rules be defined to be persons holding responsible positions of a managerial or technical character or employed in health and welfare services or employed in any confidential capacity. 

25. Exemption from provisions regarding employment.  (l) In case of an emergency involving serious risk to the safety of the mine or of persons employed therein, the manager may, subject to the provisions of section 19, permit persons to be employed in contravention of section 22A, section 22B, section 22C, section 23 or sub-section (4) of section 23B on such work as may be necessary to protect the safety of the mine or of the persons employed therein:

Provided that, where such occasion arises, a record of the fact shall immediately be made by the manager and shall be placed before the Chief Inspector or the Inspector at his next inspection of the mine.

(2) When as a result of grant of an exemption to any mine from the provisions of section 22A, any person employed therein is deprived of any of the weekly days of rest, he shall be allo­wed within two months from the date on which the weekly day of rest was due, compensatory days of rest equal in number to the days of rest of which he has been deprived.

(3) In case of prescribed processes which arc required by their nature to be carried on continuously by a succession of shifts, the limit of hours of work provided in section 22B or section 22C may, with the prior approval of the Chief Inspector be raised to not more than fifty-six hours in any week or ten hours in any day.

(4) In exceptional cases of pressure of work, the Chief Inspector may grant temporary exemption to a mine from the provisions of section 22A, section 22B or section 22C for a period not exce­eding ninety days in any calendar year, within the maximum limits of —

(a) ten hours of work in any one day, and

(b) twelve hours of spread over, inclusive of intervals for rest or meal, in any one day.

(5) Subject to the maximum limits specified in sub-section (4), the appropriate Government may, by order, grant permanent exemption, to such extent and subject to such conditions as may be specified in the order to a class of workers engaged either on preparatory or complementary work which must necessari­ly be carried on outside the mines or on work which is essentially intermittent. 

25A. Extra wages for over time. --(1) Where in a mine a person works for more than eight hours in any day or works for more than forty-eight hours in any week, whether above ground or below ground, he shall in respect of such overtime work be entitled to wages at the rate of twice his ordinary rate of wages, the period of overtime work being calculated on a daily basis or weekly basis, whichever is more favourable to him.

Explanation. — In this sub-section, ordinary rate of wages means all remuneration capable of being expressed in terms of money which would, if the terms of contract of employment, express or implied, were fulfilled, be payable to a worker in respect of his employment or of work done in such employment, but does not include —

(i) the value of any house-accommodation, supply of light, water, medical attendance or other amenity

(ii) any contribution paid by the owner to any pension fund or provident fund;

(iii) any travelling allowance or the value of travelling concession ;

(iv) any sum paid to the person employed to defray special expenses entailed on him by the nature of his employment ; or

(v) any gratuity, bonus, overtime allowance or share in profits of the mine.

(2) Where any person employed in a mine is. paid on a piece-rate basis, the appropriate Government, in consultation with the employer concerned and the representatives of the persons employed in the mine, may, for the purposes of this section, fix time rates as nearly as possible equivalent to the average rate of earnings of the persons so employed, and the rates so fixed shall be deemed to be the ordinary rates of wages of such persons.

(3) The appropriate Government may prescribe the registers that shall be maintained in a mine for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions of this section. 

26. Children.  No child shall be employed in a mine, or be allowed to be present in any part of a mine which is below ground. 

26A. Young persons not to be allowed underground without certificates of fitness. No person who has not completed his seventeenth year shall be employed in any part of a mine unless —

(a) a certificate of fitness in the prescribed form and granted to him by a qualified medical practitio­ner is in the custody of the manager of the mine, and

(b) he carries while at work a token giving a reference to such certificate. 

26.B. Limitation of working hours for young persons.  No person who has not completed his seventeenth year shall be permitted to work in any part of a mine, either below ground or above ground, unless the hours of work of such person for any day are so fixed as to allow an interval of rest of at least twelve consecutive hours which shall include at least such seven consecutive hours between the hours of 7 P.M. and 7 A.M. as may be prescribed:

Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to any such person while employed or permitted to work in any mine as an apprentice or for the purposes of receiving vocational training, in such circumstances and in accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed

Provided further that such person while so employed or permitted to work, shall be granted a rest period of at least thirteen consecutive hours between two working periods. 

27. Disputes as to age.  —  (1) If any question arises between the Chief Inspector or the Inspector and the manager cf any mine as to whether any person is a child or has not completed his seventeenth year, the question shall, in the absence of a certificate as to the age of such person granted in the prescribed manner, be referred by the Chief Inspector or the Inspector for decision to a qualified medical practitioner.

(2) Every certificate as to the age of a person which has been granted in the prescribed manner and any certificate granted by a qualified medical practitioner on a reference under sub-sec­tion (1) shall, for the purposes of this Act, be conclusive evidence as to the age of the person to whom it relates. 

28. Register of employees.  —  (1) For every mine there shall be kept in the pres­cribed form and place a register of all persons employed in the mine showing, in respect of each such person, —

(a) name, date of birth and the nature of his employ­ment,

(b) the periods of work fixed for him,

(c) the intervals for rest, if any, to which he is entitled,

(d) the days of rest to which he is entitled, and

(e) where work is carried on by a system of relays, the relay to which he belongs.

(2) The entries in the register prescribed by sub-section (I) shall be such that workers working in accordance therewith would not be working in contravention of any of the provisions of this Chapter.

(3) No person shall be employed in a mine until the parti­culars required by sub-section (1) have been recorded in the regis­ter inspect of such person and no person shall be employed except during the periods of work shown in respect of him in the register.

(4) For every mine to which the appropriate Government may, by general or special order, declare this sub-section to be applicable, there shall be kept in the prescribed form and place a register which shall show at any moment the name of every person then working below ground in the mine. 

CHAPTER VI-A

LEAVE AND HOLIDAYS WITH WAGES

28A. Application of the Chapter.   — Nothing in this Chapter shall affect any right or pri­vilege to which a person employed in a mine has been entitled on the date of coming into force of the Mines (Amendment) Ordi­nance, 1973, under any existing law or under any award, agreement, settlement, contract, custom or usage if such right or privilege is more favourable to him, nor shall such right or privilege be combined with or be in addition to, the benefits under the provisions of this Chapter. 

28B. Annual leave with wages.   —  (1) Every person who has completed one year of continuous service in a mine shall be allowed during the sub­sequent period of twelve months leave with wages for a number of days calculated at the rate of —

(a) one day for every seventeen days of work performed below ground during the previous period of twelve months;

(b) one day for every twenty days of work performed above ground during the previous period of twelve months :

Provided that a period of leave shall be inclusive of any holiday which may occur during such period.

(2) If a person employed in a mine does not, in any such period of twelve months, take the leave to which he is entitled under sub­section (1), either in whole or in part, such leave not taken by him shall be added to the leave to be allowed to him under that sub-section in the succeeding period of twelve months :

Provided that such person shall cease to earn leave under this section when the leave due to him amounts to twenty days :

Provided further that any leave applied for by a person but refused by the owner, agent or manager of the mine for any reason shall be added to the credit of such person beyond the aforesaid limit.

(3) If a person entitled to leave under sub-section (1) is dis­charged before he has been allowed the leave or, if, having applied for and having been refused the leave, he quits his employment before he has been allowed the leave, the owner, agent or manager shall pay him the amount payable under section 28E in respect of the leave.

(4) For the purpose of this section, a person shall be deemed to have completed a period of continuous service in a mine notwith­standing any interruption in service during that period due to —

(a) any holiday ;

(b) any leave with wages ;

(c) any leave, with or without wages, due to sickness or accident ;

(d) any maternity leave not exceeding twelve weeks ;

(e) any period of lay-off arising due to failure, refusal or inability of an owner on account or shortage of coal, power or raw material or the accumulation of stock or the breakdown of machinery or for any other reason, to give employment to a person whose name is borne in the muster rolls of his mine ; or

(f) a strike which is not illegal or a lockout which is not legal. 

28C. Festival holidays.   — Every person employed in a mine shall be allowed, with wages, such festival holidays as are declared by the appro­priate Government to be public holidays. 

28D. Causal leave and sick leave.  — Every person employed in a mine shall be entitled in a year to ten days casual leave on full wages and sixteen days sick leave on half average wages ;

Provided that casual leave or sick leave admissible under this section shall not be accumulated and carried forward to the succeeding year. 

28E. Wages during leave or holiday periods.   — For the leave or holidays allowed to a person  under the provisions of this chapter, he shall be paid —  

(a) in case of leave with full wages, at the rate equal to the daily average of his wages for the days on which he actually worked during the preceding three months ; and

(b) in case of leave with half average wages, at the rate equal to half daily average of his wages as aforesaid. 

28F. Payment in advance in certain cases.   — Any person who has been allowed leave for not less 1 than four days under section 28B. shall, before his leave begins,  be paid the wages due for the period of the leave allowed. 

28G. Power of inspector to act for workers.  — Any Inspector may institute proceedings on behalf 1 of any person who has been or is employed in a mine to recover any sum required to be, but not, paid by an owner, agent or, manager in accordance with this Chapter. 

CHAPTER VII

REGULATIONS, RULES AND BYE-LAWS

29. Power of appropriate Government to make regulation. The appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, make regulations consistent with this  Act for all or any of the following purposes, namely : —

(a) for prescribing the qualifications to be required by a person for appointment as Chief Inspector or Ins­pector ;

(b) for prescribing and regulating the duties and powers of the Chief Inspector and of Inspectors in regard to the inspection of mines under this Act ;

(c) for prescribing the duties of owners, agents and ma­nagers of mines and of persons acting under them

(d) for prescribing the qualifications of managers of mines and of persons acting under them ;

(e) for regulating the manner of ascertaining, by examination or otherwise, the qualifications of managers of mines and persons acting under them, and the granting and renewal of certificates of compe­tency ;

(f) for fixing the fees, if any, to be paid in respect of such examinations and of the grant and renewal of such certificates ;

(g) for determining the circumstances in which and the conditions subject to which it shall be lawful for more mines than one to be under a single manager, or for any mine or mines to be under a manager not having the prescribed qualifications ;

(h) for providing for the making of inquiries into char­ges of misconduct or incompetence on the part of managers of mines and persons acting under them and for the suspension and cancellation of certifi­cates of competency ;

(hh) for providing for the appointment in mines wherein two hundred and fifty or more persons are ordinarily employed of such number of welfare and safety officers as may be specified and for prescribing the qualifications and the duties to be performed by such officers ;

(i) for regulating, subject to the provisions of the Explo­sives Act, 1884, and of any rules made thereunder, the storage and use of explosives ;

(ii) for regulating, subject to the provisions of the Elec­tricity Act, 1910, and the rules made thereunder. the generation, storage, transformation, transmis­sion and use of electricity in mines and for provid­ing for the care and the regulation of the use of all electrical apparatus and electrical cables in mines;

(j) for prohibiting, restricting or regulating the employ­ment in mines or in any class of mines of women either below ground or on particular kinds of labour which are attended by danger to the life, safety or health of such women;

(jj) for providing for and regulating the training of persons before they are employed in mines and also during the period of employment at such intervals as may be prescribed ;

(jjj) providing for and regulating the medical examination of the persons before they are employed in mines and also during the period of employment at such intervals as may be prescribed ;

(k) for providing for the safety of the persons employed in a mine, their means of entrance there into and exit therefrom, the number of shafts or outlets to be furnished, and the fencing of shafts, pits, outlets, pathways and subsidence ;

(kk) for prohibiting the employment in a mine either a;

manager or in any other specified capacity of any persons except persons paid by the owner of the mine and directly answerable to the owner or mana­ger of the mine ; 

(L) for providing for the safety of the roads and working places in mines, including the siting and maintenance of pillars and the maintenance of sufficient barriers between mine and mine ;

(LL) for prescribing the size of travelling roads in a mine, through which load is carried by human agency and limit of load and the distance to which it is carried ;

(LLL) for providing for and regulating the inspection of workings, disused working and sealed off fire areas in mines and for the restriction of working in a mine under or in the vicinity of goaves or the sea or any lake or river or any other body of surface water, whether natural or artificial, or of any public roads, or buildings ;

(m) for providing for and regulating the ventilation of mines and the action to be taken in respect of dust ionising rediations, radioactive gases and dust, fire and inflammable and noxious gases ;

(n) for providing for the care, and the regulation of the use, of all machinery plant, equipment and mate­rial in mines ;

(nn) for providing for the safety of persons present on haulage roads in mines and for prohibiting, res­tricting or regulating the use of certain classes of locomotives underground ;

(o) for providing for adequate and suitable lighting in mines and for requiring and regulating the use of safety lamps and for the search of persons entering a mine for the prescribed prohibited articles ;

(oo) for prescribing protective equipment’s and clothing’s and breathing, apparatus for all persons or classes of persons employed in mines or classes of mines and requiring and regulating the use of such protec­tive equipment’s, clothing’s and apparatus ;

(p) for providing against explosions or ignitions or irruption’s of or accumulations of water in mines and against danger arising therefrom, and for prohibiting, restricting or regulating the extraction of minerals in circumstances likely to result in or to aggravate irruption’s of water or ignitions in mines ;

(q) for prescribing the notices of accidents and danger­ous occurrences, and the notices, reports and returns of mineral output, persons employed and other matters provided for by regulations, to be furnished by owners, agents and managers of mines, and for prescribing the forms of such notices, returns and reports, the persons and authorities to whom they are to be furnished, the particulars to be contained in them, and the time within which they are to be submitted ;

(qq) for prescribing the form of, the authorities to whom, and the time within which, the notice required by sub-section (1) of section 20A shall be sent by the owner, agent or manager of a mine, and the fees to be paid to the medical practitioners under sub­section (5) of that section ;

(r) for prescribing the plans to be kept by owners, agents and managers of mines and the manner and places in which such plans are to be kept for purposes of record ;

(s) for regulating the procedure on the occurrence of accidents or accidental explosions or ignitions in or about mines ;

(t) for prescribing the form of, and the particulars to be contained in, the notice to be given by the owner, agent or manager of a mine under section 14 ; and

(u) for prescribing the notice to be given by the owner,

agent or manager of a mine before mining operations are commenced at or extended to any point within fifty yards of any railway subject to the provisions of the Railways Act, 1890, or of any public work or classes of public works which the appropriate Government may, by general or special order, specify in this behalf. 

30. Power of appropriate Government to make rules.  The appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules consistent with this \ Act for all or any of the following purposes, namely : —  

(a) for providing for the appointment of chairmen and members of Mining Boards, and for regulating the procedure of such Boards ;

(aa) for prescribing the form of the register referred to in sub-section (2) of section 20 ;

(aaa) for requiring facilities and security of service to be provided to managers of mines and other persons acting under them for enabling them to efficiently discharge their duties ;

(b) for providing for the appointment of courts of inquiry under section 21, for regulating the procedure and powers of such courts, for the payment of travelling allowance to the members and for the recovery of the expenses of such courts from the manager, owner or agent of the mine concerned ;

(bb) for requiring the maintenance in mines wherein any women are ordinarily employed of suitable rooms to be reserved for the use of children under the age of six years belonging to such women, and for prescrib­ing either generally or with particular reference to the number of women ordinarily employed in the mine, the number and standards of such rooms, and the nature and extent of the supervision to be provided therein ;

(bbb) for requiring the maintenance at or near pit-heads of bathing places equipped with shower baths and of locker-rooms for the use of men employed in mines and of similar and separate places and rooms for the use of women in mines where women are employed, and for prescribing, either generally or with particular reference to the numbers of men and women ordinarily employed in a mine, the number and standards of such places and rooms ;

(bbbb) for prescribing the standard in respect of construction, accommodation, furniture and other equipment of the canteens, the food-stuffs to be served therein and the charges which may be made therefore and the representa­tion of the persons employed in the mines in the manage­ment of such canteens;

(c) for prescribing the scale of latrine and urinal accommo­dation to be provided at mines, the provision to be made for the supply of drinking-water, the standard of first-aid rooms and shelters, the equipment and furniture therein and the nature and extent of super­vision to be provided therefore, the supply and mainte­nance of medical appliances and comforts, and the training of men in ambulance work;

(cc) for prescribing the forms of notices required under section 23B, and for requiring such notices to be posted also in specified vernaculars;

(ccc) to fix seven consecutive hours between 7 P.M. and 7 a.m. for the purposes of section 26B;

(cccc) to specify the circumstances in which and conditions in accordance with which a young person may be employ­ed or permitted to work as an apprentice or for the purposes of receiving vocational training in a mine for the purposes of the proviso to section 26B;

(d) for defining the persons who shall, for the purposes of section 24, be deemed to be persons holding positions of supervision or management or employed in a con­fidential capacity ;

(e) for prohibiting the employment in mines of persons or any class of persons who have not been certified by a qualified medical practitioner to have completed their fifteenth year, and for prescribing the manner and the circumstances in which such certificates may be granted and revoked ;

(ee) for prescribing the form of the certificates of fitness required by section 26A and the circumstances in which such certificates may be granted and revoked;

(f) for prescribing the form of  registers required by section 28;

(ff) to fix the time rates for the persons employed on piece-rated basis and for requiring the maintenance of pay­ment registers for overtime work and prescribing the form thereof;

(fff) for prescribing the forms in which record of applica­tions for leave, the grant or refusal thereof and the payment of wages during leave and holidays with wages is to be kept ;

(g) for prescribing abstracts of this Act "and of the re­gulations and rules and the vernacular in which the abstracts and 7    bye-laws shall be posted as re­quired by sections 32 and 33 ;

(h) for requiring the fencing of any mine or part of a mine, whether the same is being worked or not, where such fencing is necessary for the protection of the public ;

(i) for the protection from injury, in respect of any mine when the workings are discontinued, of property vested in Government or any local authority or railway

company as defined in the Railways Act, 1890 ;

(j) for requiring notices, returns and reports in connection with any matters dealt with by rules to be furnished by owners, agents and managers of mines, and for pre­scribing the forms of such notices, returns and reports;

the persons and authorities to whom they are to be furnished, the particulars to be contained in them, and the times within which they are to be submitted; and

(k) generally to provide for any matter not provided for by this Act or the regulations, provision for which is required in order to give effect to this Act. 

30A. Power of appropriate Government to require rescue stations to be established.  The appropriate Government may, by notification the official Gazette, make rules under this section —

(a) requiring the establishment of central rescue stations for groups of specified mines or for all mines in a specified area, and prescribing how and by whom such stations shall be established ;

(b) providing for the management of central rescue stations, and regulating the constitution powers and functions of, and the conduct of business by, the authorities (which shall include representatives of the owners and managers of, and of the miners employed in, the mines or groups of mines concerned) charged with such management ;

(c) prescribing the position, equipment, control, mainte­nance and functions of central -rescue stations ;

(d) providing for the levy and collection of a duty of excise (at a rate not exceeding three paisa per ton), on coke and coal produced in and dispatched from mines specified under clause (a) in any group or included under clause (a) in any specified area, the utilisation of the proceeds thereof for the creation of a central rescue station fund for such group or area and the administration of such funds

(e) providing for the formation, training, composition, and duties of rescue brigades ; and

(f) providing generally for the conduct of rescue work in mines. 

31. Prior publication of regulations and rules.  —  (1) The power to make regulations and rules conferred by sections 29,  30 and 30A is subject to the condition of the regulations and rules being made after previous publication.

(2) The date to be specified in accordance with clause (3) of section 23 of the General Clauses Act, 1897, as that after which a draft of regulations or rules proposed to be made will be taken under consideration, shall not be less than three months from the date on which the draft of the proposed regulations or rules is published for general information.

(3) Before the draft of any regulation 2  is published under this section it shall be referred  to every Mining Board cons­tituted in Pakistan, which is, in the opinion of the approp­riate Government, concerned with the subject dealt with by the regulation ; and the regulation 2  shall not be so published until each such Board has had a reasonable opportunity of reporting as to the expediency of making the same and as to the suitability of its provisions.

(A) No rule shall be made unless the draft thereof has been .referred to every Mining Board constituted in the part of Pakistan affected by the rule, and unless each such Board has had a reasonable opportunity of reporting as to the expediency of making the same and as to the suitability of its pro­visions.

(4) Regulations and rules shall be published in the official Gazette, and, on such publication, shall have effect as if enacted in this Act.

(5) The provisions of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3A) shall not apply to the first occasion on which rules referred to in clause (bb) or clause (bbb) of section 30 are made. 

31A. Power to make regulations with out previous publication.  Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1.-. (2) and (3) of section 3, regulations under clause (i) and clauses (k) to (s) inclusive of section 29 may be made without previous publication and without previous reference to Mining Boards, if the appropriate Government is satisfied that for the prevention of apprehended danger or the speedy remedy of conditions likely to cause danger it is necessary in making such regulations to dispense with the delay that would result from such publication and reference :

Provided that any regulations so made shall not remain in force for more than two years from the making thereof. 

32. Bye laws.  —  (1) The owner, agent or manager of a mine may, and shall, if called upon to do so by the Chief Inspector or Inspector, frame and submit to the Chief Inspector or Inspector a draft of such bye-laws, not being inconsistent with this Act or any re­gulations or rules for the time being in force, for the control and guidance of the persons acting in the management of, or employ­ed in, the mine as such owner, agent or manager may deem neces­sary to prevent accidents and provide for the safety, convenience and discipline of the persons employed in the mine.

(2) If any such owner, agent or manager —

(a) fails to submit within two months a draft of bye-laws after being called upon to do so by the Chief Inspector or Inspector, or

(b) submits a draft of bye-laws which is not in the opinion of the Chief Inspector or Inspector sufficient, the Chief Inspector or Inspector may —

(i) propose a draft of such bye-laws as appear to him to be sufficient, or

(ii) propose such amendments in any draft submitted to him by the owner, agent or manager as will, in his opinion, render it sufficient,

and shall send such draft bye-laws or draft amendments to the owner, agent or manager, as the case may be, for consideration.

(3) If within a period of two months from the date on which any draft bye-laws or draft amendments are sent by the Chief Inspector or Inspector to the owner, agent or manager under the provisions of sub-section (2), the Chief Inspector or Inspector and the owner, agent or manager are unable to agree as to the terms of the bye-laws to be made under sub-section (1), the Chief Inspector or Inspector shall refer the draft bye-laws for settle­ment to the Mining Board or, where there is no Mining Board, to such officer or authority as the appropriate Government may, be general or special order, appoint in this behalf.

(4) (a) When such draft bye-laws have been agreed to by the owner, agent or manager and the Chief Inspector or Inspector, or, when they are unable to agree, have been settled by the Mining Board or such officer or authority as aforesaid, a copy of the draft bye-laws shall be sent by the Chief Inspector or Inspector to the appropriate Government for approval.

(b) The appropriate Government may make such modi­fications of the draft bye-laws as it thinks fit.

(c) Before the appropriate Government approves the draft bye-laws, whether with or without modifications, there shall be published, in such manner as the appropriate Government may think best adapted for informing the persons affected, notice of the proposal to make the bye-laws and of the place where copies of the draft bye-laws may be obtained, and of the time (which shall not be less than thirty days) within which any objections with reference to the draft bye-laws, made by or on behalf of persons affected should be sent to the appropriate Government.

(d) Every objection shall be in writing and shall state —  0) the specific grounds of objection, and (ii) the omissions, additions or modifications asked for,

(e) The appropriate Government shall consider any ob­jection made within the required time by or on behalf of persons appearing to it to be affected, and may approve the bye-laws either in the form in which they were published or after making such amendments thereto as it thinks fit.

(5) The bye-laws, when so approved by the appropriate Government, shall have effect as if enacted in this Act, and the owner, agent or manager of the mine shall cause a copy of th« bye-laws, in English and in such vernacular or vernaculars as may be prescribed, to be posted up in some conspicuous place at or near the mine, where the bye-laws may be conveniently read or seen by the persons employed; and, as often as the same become defaced, obliterated or destroyed, shall cause them to be renewed with all reasonable dispatch.

(6) The appropriate Government may, by order in writing, rescind, in whole or in part, any bye-law so made, and thereupon such bye-law shall cease to have effect accordingly. 

33. Posting up of abstracts from Act, regulations. etc.  There shall be kept posted up at or near every mine in English and in such vernacular or vernaculars as may be prescribed, the prescribed abstracts of the Act and of the regulations and rules. 

CHAPTER VIII

PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

34. Obstruction.  —  (1) Whoever obstructs the Chief Inspector, an Inspector or any person authorised under section 7 in the discharge of his duties under this Act, or refuses or willfully neglects to afford the Chief Inspector, an Inspector or such person any reasonable facility for making any entry, inspection, examination or inquiry authorised by or under this Act in relation to any mine, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(2) Whoever refuses to produce on the demand of the Chief Inspector or Inspector any registers or other documents kept in pursuance of this Act, or prevents or attempts to prevent or does anything which he has reason to believe to be likely to prevent, any person from appearing before or being examined by an inspecting officer acting in pursuance .of his duties under this Act, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to Six hundred rupees. 

35. Falsification of records, etc.  Whoever —  

(a) counterfeits, or knowingly makes a false statement in» any certificate, or any official copy of a certificate, granted under this Act, or

(b) knowingly uses as true any such counterfeit or false certificate, or

(c) makes or produces or uses any false declaration, state­ment or evidence knowing the same to be false, for the purpose of obtaining for himself or for any other person a certificate, or the renewal of a certificate, under this Act, or any employment in a mine, or

(d) falsifies any plan or register or record the maintenance of which is required by or under this Act, or

(e) makes, gives or delivers any plan, return, notice, record or report containing a statement, entry or detail which is not to the best of his knowledge or belief true,

shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or. with both. 

36. Omission to furnish plans. Etc.  Any person who, without reasonable excuse the burden of proving which shall lie upon him, omits to make or furnish in the prescribed form or manner or at or within the prescribed time any plan, return, no Lice, register, record or report required by or under this Act to be made or furnished shall be punish­able with fine which may extend to four hundred rupees. 

37. Contravention of provision regarding employment labour.  Whoever, save as permitted by section 25, contravenes any provision of this Act or of any regulation, rule or bye-law or of any order made thereunder prohibiting, restricting or regulating the employment or presence of persons in or about a mine shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees.- 

38. Notice of accidents.  — Whoever, in contravention of the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 20, fails to give notice of any accidental occurrence shall, if the occurrence results in serious bodily injury, be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or, if the occurrence results in loss of life, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(2) Whoever in contravention of a direction made by the appropriate Government under sub-section (2) of section 20 fails to record in the prescribed register or to give notice of any accidental occurrence shall be punishable with fine which may extend to fine thousand rupees. 

39. Disobedience of orders.  Whoever contravenes any provision of this Act or of any regulation, rule or bye-law or of any order made thereunder for the contravention of which no penalty is hereinbefore pro­vided shall be punishable with fine which may extend to 6two thousand rupees, and, in the case of a continuing contravention, with a further fine which may extend to two hundred rupees for every day on which the offender is proved to have persisted in the contravention after the date of the first conviction. 

40. Contravention of law with dangerous results.  —  (1) Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore" contained, whoever contravenes any provision of this Act or of any regula­tion, rule or bye-law or of any order made thereunder shall be punishable, if such contravention results in loss of life, with imprisonment which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to four thousand rupees, or with both; or, if such contravention results in serious bodily injury, with imprisonment which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees, or with both; or, if such contravention otherwise causes injury or danger to workers or other persons in or about the mine, with imprisonment which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.

(2) Where a person having been convicted under this section is again convicted thereunder, he shall be punishable with double the punishment provided by sub-section (1).

(3) Any Court imposing, or confirming in appeal, revision or otherwise, a sentence of fine passed under this section may, when passing judgment, order the whole or any part of the fine recovered to be paid as compensation to the person injured, or, in the case of his death, to his legal representative :

Provided that, if the fine is imposed in a case which is subject to appeal, no such payment shall be made before the period allowed for presenting the appeal has elapsed, or, if an appeal has been presented, before the decision of the appeal. 

40A. Special provision regarding fine.  Notwithstanding anything contained in section 32 V of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, it shall be lawful for a Magistrate of the first class to pass a sentence of fine exceeding one thousand rupees authorised by this Act on any person convicted of an offence thereunder. 

41. Prosecution of owner, agent or manager.  No prosecution shall be instituted against any owner, agent or manager for any offence under this Act except at the instance of the Chief Inspector or of the District Magistrate or of an Inspector authorised in this behalf by general or special order in writing by the Chief Inspector. 

42. Limitation of prosecution.  No court shall take cognizance of any offence under this Act unless complaint thereof has been made —

(i) with in six months of the date on which the offence is alleged to have been committed, or

(ii) within six months of the date on which the alleged commission of the offence came to the knowledge of the Inspector, or

(iii) in any case where a person has been appointed by the appropriate Government under section 21 to hold an inquiry, within six months of the date of the making of the report referred to in sub-section (4) of that section, whichever is the later. 

43. Cognizance of offences.  No Court inferior to that of a   Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence under this Act which is alleged to have been committed by any owner, agent or manager of a mine or any offence which is by this Act made punishable with imprisonment. Miscellaneous) 

44. Reference to mining board or committee in lieu of prosecution in certain cases.  —  (1) If the Court trying any case instituted at the instance of the Chief Inspector or of the District Magistrate or of an Inspector under this Act is of opinion that the case is one which should, in lieu of a prosecution, be referred to a Mining Board or a Committee, it may stay the criminal proceedings, and report the matter to the appropriate Government with a view to such reference being made.

(2) On receipt of a report under sub-section (1), the appro­priate Government may refer the case to a Mining Board or a Committee, or may direct the Court to proceed with the trial. 

CHAPTER IX

MISCELLANEOUS

45. Decision of question whether a mine is under this Act.,  If any question arises as to whether any excavation or working is a mine within the meaning of this Act, the appro­priate Government may decide the question, and a certificate signed by a Secretary to the appropriate Government shall be conclusive on the point. 

46. Power to exempt from operation of Act.  —  (1) The appropriate Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, exempt -either absolutely or subject to any specified conditions any local area or any mine or group or class of mines or any. part of a mine or any class of persons from the operation of all or any specified provisions of this Act:

Provided that no local area or mine or group or class of mines shall be exempted from the provisions of section 26 unless it is also exempted from the operation of all the other provisions of this Act.

Provided further that no exemption from the operation of the provisions of section 23C shall be granted unless, in the case of an emergency, the national interest so requires and the employers and workers organization concerned have been consulted

provided further that no exemption from the operation of the provisions of section 22B or section 22C or section 25A shall be granted except in the event of war or other emergency threatening the national safety. 

47. Power to alter or rescind orders.  The appropriate Government may reverse or modify any order passed under this Act 5. 

48.  Application of Act to Government mines. This Act shall apply to mines belonging to the Government. 

49. Saving.  No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding what­ever shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act. 

50. Repeals. Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1927 (XII of 1927), s. 2 and Schedule. 

THE SCHEDULE 

ENACTMENT’S REPEALED.} Rep. by the Repealing Act. 1927 (XII of 1927), s. 2 and Schedule.

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