Updated: Thursday November 21, 2013/AlKhamis Muharram 18, 1435/Bruhaspathivara Karthika 30, 1935, at 05:09:08 PM
The Pakistan Telecommunication
Corporation Act, 1991
XVIII OF 1991
27th November, 1991
An Act to establish a Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation
Whereas, it is expedient to establish a Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto;
1. Short title, extent and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation Act, 1991.
2) It extends to the whole of
3) It shall come into force at once.
(a) 'Auditor-General' means the Auditor-General of
(b) 'Board' means the Board of Directors of the Corporation;
(c) 'Chairman' means the Chairman of the Corporation;
(d) 'Corporation' means the Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation established under this Ordinance;
(e) 'Departmental employees' means employees belonging to the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department and includes employees of the said Department who may, for the time being, be serving in other organizations, but does not include members of the accounts group or secretariat group or other employees of external organizations who may be serving in the said Department;
(f) 'Director' means a Director of the Corporation;
(g) 'Regulations' means Regulations made under this Act;
(h) 'telecommunication' means transmission, omission or reception of signs, signals, writing, speech, image, sound or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other magnetic system;
(i) 'telecommunication installations and plant' includes buildings, land, interests in land, exchanges, machinery, apparatus, equipment, plant, cables, aerials, masts posts, lines, wires, stores, vehicles and any other appliances or accessories used for, or in connection with, a telecommunication service;
(j) 'Telegraph' has the same meaning as in the Telegraph Act, 1885 (XIII of 1885).
3. Establishment of the corporation.-(1) As from the commencement of this Act, there shall be established for carrying out the purposes of this Act a Corporation to be known as the Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation.
(2) The Corporation shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal with power to acquire, hold and dispose of property and shall by the name specified in sub-section (1) sue and be used.
4. The Board.-(l) The general direction and administration of the affairs of the Corporation shall vest in the Board, which may exercise all powers and do all acts which may be exercised or done by the Corporation.
(2) The Board shall consist of the following Directors appointed by the Federal Government, namely:---
(i) the Chairman; and
(ii) not more than eleven other Directors, of whom not less than two shall be professional telecommunication engineers.
(3) If and when any shares of the Corporation are to be
issued to the private sector, the Federal Government shall determine the number
of Directors to be elected to represent the private share-holders and prescribe
the procedure for their election:
Provided that the aggregate number of Directors appointed under sub-section (2) and those elected under this sub-section shall not exceed eleven.
(4) The Chairman shall be a whole-time officer and the Chief Executive of the Corporation and shall normally hold office for a term of three years and be subject to such terms and conditions of service, as the Federal Government may determine.
(5) A Director shall hold office for a term of three years.
(6) Any person ceasing to be Chairman by reason of expiry of the term of his office shall be eligible for re-appointment for another term or for such shorter term as the Federal Government may decide.
(7) The Chairman may at any time resign his office, but his resignation shall not take effect until it has been accepted by the Federal Government.
(8) The meetings of the Board shall be held at such times and places as may be provided for by regulations or, until regulations are made in this behalf, as and when convened by the Chairman.
(9) To constitute a quorum at a meeting of the Board, the Chairman or, in his absence, a Director elected by the Board for the purpose and five other Directors shall be present.
(10) The Chairman or, in his absence a Director elected by the Board for the purpose shall preside at the meetings of the Board.
(11) No Act or proceeding of the Board shall be invalid by reason only of the existence of a vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of the Board.
5. Delegation of powers.-The Board may, from time to time, delegate any of its powers to the Chairman, any Committee constituted by it, or any officer of the Corporation, subject to such conditions as the Board may determine.
(i) to establish, maintain and operate telecommunications;
(ii) to plan, promote, organize and implement programmes for the provision of telecommunication services in all parts of Pakistan, including cities, towns and villages, and the territorial waters of Pakistan, and on board ships, aircraft and spacecraft;
(iii) to promote, establish, acquire, own, run, manage or participate in running or management of any undertaking to manufacture of telecommunication plant and equipment in Pakistan, to engage in Research and Development in Telecommunication and to promote the transfer of technology to Pakistan;
(iv) to make such provisions as appears to it to be appropriate for advancing the skills of its employees by education, training and otherwise, and to promote, within reasonable limits, the welfare of its employees;
(v) to conduct and assist research, experiments or trials for the improvement of methods of telecommunication;
(vi) to advise Government on matters relating to telecommunication services and on matters pertaining to the Corporation generally, and to provide consultancy services- in the field of telecommunications;
(vii) to maintain liaison with. foreign telecommunication administrations, and international organizations pertaining to telecommunications;
(viii) to acquire, hold or dispose of any property, whether movable or immovable or any telecommunication undertaking;
(ix) to open, operate and maintain bank accounts;
(x) to borrow domestic or foreign funds on such terms and conditions as may be approved by the Board;
(xi) to seek contracts and provide telecommunication services and goods abroad; and
(xii) to perform any other function which is supplemental, incidental or consequential to any of the purposes and functions aforesaid.
(2) Subject to such conditions as the Federal Government may impose from time to time the Corporation shall be deemed to have been granted a licence by the Federal Government to establish, maintain and operate telegraphs throughout Pakistan and between Pakistan and other countries,' within the meaning of section 4 of the Telegraph Act, 1885 (XIII of 1885).
(2A) Without prejudice to any provision of this Act, any power, privileges or concession granted to the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department shall, mutatis mutandis, be deemed to have been granted to the Corporation.
(3) In performing its functions, the Corporation shall have regard,---
(i) to the desirability of improving and developing its operating systems;
(ii) to technological developments in the field of telecommunication;
(iii) to efficiency and economy; and
(iv) to commercial viability and social benefits.
(4) In performing its functions, the Corporation shall be guided on questions of policy by the instructions of the Federal Government in the light of the letter and spirit of this Act and any other Act passed by the Parliament.
(5) The Corporation may take such measures and exercise such power as it considers necessary or expedient for currying out the purposes of this Act and these may include establishing subsidiary companies for operating and developing telecommunication faculties in a region for a specific field of activity.
(6) Nothing in the preceding sections shall be taken to preclude the Corporation for justificable reasons from interrupting, suspending or restricting services provided by it, or be construed as imposing upon the Corporation, either directly or indirectly, any form of duty or liability enforceable by proceedings before any Court.
7. Plans and schemes.-(1) The Corporations shall from time to time prepare for the approval of the Federal Government five-years plan and, if necessary, perspective plans, for the development of telecommunications and for the furtherance of its purposes and functions under this Act, and matter incidental thereto.
(2) The Corporation may frame a scheme or schemes for all or any of the following matters, namely:---
(i) expansion and development of the Corporation's telecommunication system in urban and rural areas;
(ii) introduction of new telecommunication services in
(iii) research and development in the field of telecommunication;
(iv) replacement of assets;
(v) improvements in the quality and grade of telecommunication services;
(vi) training of the Corporation's employees;
(vii) promotion or establishment of facilities in
(viii) development and maintenance of software for telecommunication;
(ix) welfare of the Corporation's employees; and
(x) any other matter pertaining to the purposes and functions of the Corporation or incidental thereto.
(3) The Board may finally approve any scheme prepared under sub-section (2), provided the scheme is covered by any overall plan approved by the Federal Government.
8. Officers-and servants.-(1) The Corporation may from time to time employ such officers and servants and appoint such experts or consultants, as it may consider necessary for the performance of its functions, on such terms and conditions as it may deem fit.
(2) The Corporation shall prescribe by regulations the procedure for appointment of its officers, servants, experts and consultants, and the terms and conditions of their service.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsections (1)
& (2) any rules or regulation made, or orders or instructions issued, by
the Corporation, or in the terms and conditions of service of any person
employed by or serving under the Corporation, the Corporation may at any time
take disciplinary action under the Rules to be prescribed:
Provided that disciplinary action or removal from service of the Corporation shall be taken or affected after giving the person affected an opportunity of being heard.
9. Transfer of departmental employees to the Corporation.-(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, contract or agreement, or in the conditions of services, all departmental employees shall, on the establishment of the Corporation, stand transferred to, and become employees of the Corporation, on the same terms and conditions to which they were entitled immediately before such transfer, provided that the Corporation shall be competent to take disciplinary action against any such employee.
(2) The terms and conditions of service of any such person as is referred to in sub-section (1) shall not be varied by the Corporation to his disadvantages.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, no person who stands transferred to the Corporation by virtue of sub-section (1) shall be entitled to any compensation because of such transfer.
10. Chairman, etc., to be public servants.-(l) The Chairman Directors, officers and servants of the Corporation shall, when acting or purporting to act in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act, be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860)
(2) No suit, prosecution or legal proceedings shall lie against the Corporation, the Chairman, the Directors or officers and servants of the Corporation, in respect of anything done or intended to be done in good faith under this Act.
11. Reports and return.-(l) The Corporation shall submit to the Federal Government, as soon as possible after the end of every financial year, but before the last day of December, next falling, a report on the conduct of its affairs for that year.
(2) The Federal Government shall cause to be laid before the National Assembly and the Senate a copy of the report mentioned in sub-section (1), together with a copy of the audit report referred to in section 18.
(3) The Corporation shall brief the Committees of the Senate and the National Assembly about its activities and future plans as and when so required by the said Committees.
(4) The Federal Government may require the Corporation to furnish it with-
(i) any return, statement, estimate, statistics or other information regarding any matter under the control of the Corporation; or
(ii) a report on any such matter; or
(iii) a copy of any document in the charge of the Corporation; and the Corporation shall comply with every such requisition,
12. Transfer of assets and liabilities of Telegraph and Telephone Department.-(l) As from the commencement of this Act, all assets including telecommunication installations and plant, vested in the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department shall vest in the Corporation, and all liabilities of the said Department in respect of the said assets shall be the liability of the Corporation.
(2) All contracts made all liabilities incurred by the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department before the commencement of this Act shall be deemed to be made or incurred by the Corporation and shall be enforceable accordingly.
13. Share capital.-(l) The authorised share capital of the Corporation shall, in the first instance, be thirty billion rupees divided into three billion shares of ten rupees each, but it may be increased by the Federal Government from time to time.
(2) The subscribed and paid-up capital of the Corporation shall, in the first instance, be ten billion rupees divided into one billion, shares often rupees each.
(3) The initial allotment of shares shall be made to the Federal Government out of the networth of the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department determined by the Auditor-General, being the excess of historic cost less depreciation of the fixed assets plus other assets over the liabilities vested in the Corporation under section 12 in such sum as the Federal Government may desire.
(4) The Federal Government may at any time authorise the Corporation to increase the subscribed and paid-up capital to be allotted to the Federal Government or the general public.
(5) The dividend on the shares capital by the Federal Government shall not exceed seven per cent per annum. [Sub-section omitted by Act VII of 1996, (PLD 1996 Central St. p. 1948]
14. PT&T Government Investment Fund Account.--The balance of the aforesaid ‘networth’ after initial allotment of. shares will be transferred to a loan account to be named 'PT&T Federal Government Investment Fund Account' which will bear a mark-up of seven per cent per annum payable to the Federal Government.
15. Liability of Federal Government to be limited.-The liability of the Federal Government to the creditors of the Corporation shall be limited to the extent of grants made by the Federal Government and the loan raised by the Corporation with the sanction of the Federal Government.
16. Tariffs for provisions of telecommunication services.-(l)
The tariffs at which the Corporation may provide telecommunication services to
users in Pakistan shall be determined by the Board with the prior approval of
the Federal Government:
Provided that the Corporation may reduce any of the said tariffs with the prior approval of the Board:---
Provided further that the tariffs being charged by the Pakistan Telegraph and Telephone Department immediately before the commencement of this Ordinance shall be deemed to have been approved by the Federal Government.
(2) In fixing the tariffs as aforesaid, the Board shall take into account the cost of providing services and the need to mobilize funds for the development of telecommunications and to earn a reasonable return on the investment.
(3) The Board may, from time to time, settle with foreign
telecommunication administrations rates at which accounts are to be settled
with the said administrations in respect of telecommunication traffic between
Pakistan and other countries:
Provided that, where revision of such rates results in an increase in collection charges from users in Pakistan, the approval of the Federal Government to such revision shall be obtained.
(4) In the case of any conflict between tariffs determined under sub-section (1), from time to time, and the rules framed under the Telegraph Act, 1885 (XIII of 1885), the said rules shall, on and from the date of determination of the said tariffs, stand amended to the extent necessary to remove such conflict.
17. Exemption from taxes.-(l) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Income Tax Ordinance, 1979 (XXXI of 1979), the Wealth-tax Act, 1963 (XV of 1963), or any other law for the time being in force relating to income-tax, super tax, or wealth-tax, the Corporation shall not be liable to pay any such tax on its income, profits or gains for a period of five years.
(2) All goods imported by, or on behalf, of, the Corporation shall be exempt from customs duty and sales tax for a period of five years.
18. Audit and accounts.-(l) The Corporation shall maintain proper accounts and other records to reflect true and fair view of its state of affairs and prepare annual statements of accounts, including the profit and loss account and balance-sheet.
(2) The accounts of the Corporation shall be audited by an auditor or auditors who shall be Chartered Accountants within the meaning of the Chartered Accountants Ordinance, 1961 (XII of 1961), to be appointed by the Board, within the prior approval of the Federal Government.
(3) Notwithstanding the audit provided for in the sub-section (2), the Auditor-General shall have the power to audit or cause to be audited the accounts of the Corporation.
(4) The Corporation shall produce such accounts and books and connected documents, and furnish such explanations and information, as the Auditor-General, or any officer authorised by him in this behalf, may require for the purpose of the audit.
(5) Copies of the auditor report shall be sent to the Corporation and to the Federal Government, and shall also be available for public inspection.
(6) The Corporation shall comply with any directive issued by the Federal Government or the Public Accounts Committee of the National Assembly for the rectification of an audit objection.
19. Internal audit.-The Corporation shall, in addition to the audit under section 18, cause to be carried out internal audit of its accounts and the internal audit reports shall be submitted to the Board through the Chairman.
20. Power to make regulations.-For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, the Board may, with the approval of the Federal Government, frame such regulations as it may consider necessary or expedient.
22. Acquisition of land.--The acquisition of any land, or any interest in land, for the Corporation, for any scheme under this Act, for the establishment, maintenance and working of telecommunications, or for matters directly connected therewith, shall be deemed to be an acquisition for a public purpose within the meaning of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894), and the provisions of the said Act shall have effect accordingly.
23. Recovery of sums due to the Corporation.-Any sum payable to the Corporation in respect of any telecommunication service rendered by the Corporation shall, in addition to any other mode prescribed by law, be recoverable as an arrear of land revenue.
24. Winding up of Corporation.-No provision of law relating to winding up of companies shall apply to the Corporation and the Corporation shall not be wound up. Save by order of the Federal Government and in such manner as the Federal Government may direct.
25. Removal of difficulties.-If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any of the provisions of this Act, the Federal Government may make such order, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as may appear to it to be necessary for the purpose of removing the difficulty:---
Provided that no such order shall be made after the expiry of one year from the commencement of this Act.