Updated: Friday July 08, 2016/AlJumaa Shawwal 03, 1437/Sukravara Asadha 17, 1938, at 02:39:14 PM

The Supreme Court Judges Leave, Pension and Privileges Order, 1997


WHEREAS paragraph 2 of the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan relating to the Supreme Court provides that every Judge of the Supreme Court shall be entitled to such privileges and allowances, and to such rights in respect of leave of absence and pension, as may be determined by the President;

NOW, THEREFORE, in exercise of the said powers the President is pleased to make the following Order:‑--


1. Short title and commencement.‑(1) This order may be called the Supreme Court Judges Leave, Pension and Privileges Order, 1997.

(2) It shall come into force at once and paragraph 16 shall be deemed to have taken effect on the 27th July, 1991.

2. Definitions. In this Order, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,‑--

(a) “Acting Chief Justice” means a Judge appointed under Article 180 of the Constitution to act as Chief Justice;

(b) “Acting Judge” means a Judge of a High Court appointed under Article 181 of the Constitution to act temporarily as a Judge;

(c) “Actual service” means the time spent by a Judge on duty as such or in the performance of such other functions as he may perform under the Constitution and law, or at the request of the President, and includes vacations;

(d) “Chief Justice” means the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court;

(e) “High Court” means the High Court of a Province and shall includes a High Court which existed in Pakistan at any time before the commencement of the Constitution, 1973.

(f) “Judge” means a Judge of the Supreme Court and includes the Chief Justice, an Acting Chief Justice and an Acting Judge;

(g) “Judge of a High Court” includes the Chief Justice of a High Court;

(h) “service as Judge” means service rendered as a Judge either in the Supreme Court only or in that Court and in one or more of the High Court;

(i) “service for pension” means actual service and includes thirty days of the amount actually taken, whichever is less of each period of leave on full allowance;

(j) “Supreme Court” means the Supreme Court of Pakistan and shall include the Supreme Court which existed in Pakistan at any time before the commencement of the Constitution; and

(k) “vacation” means a vacation fixed by or under the rules of the Supreme Court.


3. Kinds of leave.‑(1) Subject to the provisions of this Order, leave granted to a Judge may, at his option, be either,---

­(a) leave on full salary; or

(b) leave on half salary; or

(c) leave partly on full salary and partly on half salary.

(2) For the purposes of this part, any period of leave on, full salary shall be reckoned as double that period of leave on half salary.

4. Leave account. A leave account shall be kept for each Judge showing therein the amount of leave due to him in terms of leave on half salary and in such account there shall be‑

(i) credited to him in two separate columns,---

(a) a period equal to one‑fourth of actual service; and

(b) where any duties are assigned to a Judge and, for reasons of such assignment, the Judge does not avail of any vacation or avails of less than thirty days of vacation in any calendar year, in addition to the leave credited under the preceding sub‑clause, a further period equal to double the period by which the vacation availed of by him falls short of thirty days; and

(ii) debited to him the period of all leave on full or half salary granted to him.

Provided that the opening credit at the commencement of this order shall not exceed six months in the case of any Judge.

5. Aggregate amount of leave.‑(1) The aggregate amount of leave granted to a Judge during his whole period of service as such shall not exceed, in terms of leave on half salary, thirty‑six months.

(2) The aggregate amount of leave on full salary granted to a Judge during his whole period of service as such shall not exceed one twenty‑fourth of the period spent by him on actual service, but the leave credited to a Judge under sub‑clause (b) of clause (i) of paragraph 4 shall not be subject to the limit herein specified.

(3) The period of leave granted at any one time shall not exceed, in the case of leave on full salary six months and, in the case of leave of any other kind specified in paragraph 3, sixteen months.

6. Grant of leave not due. Subject to the maximum limit specified in sub‑paragraph (1) of paragraph 5, leave on half salary may be granted to a Judge in excess of the amount at his credit,---

(a) on a medical certificate; and

(b) for a period not exceeding six months and not more than once during the whole period of his service as Judge, otherwise than on medical certificate.

7. Leave salary.‑(1) The monthly rate of leave salary payable to a Judge while on leave on full salary shall be equal to the monthly rate of his salary.

(2) The monthly rate of the leave salary payable to a Judge while on leave on half‑salary shall be equal to half the monthly rate of his salary.

(3) A Judge appointed after the commencement of this Order, shall not be entitled to draw his leave salary, otherwise than in Pakistan rupees unless he, immediately before such appointment, was entitled, in the service of Pakistan to draw leave salary in foreign exchange in which case he may draw leave salary in foreign exchange on the same terms and conditions as were applicable to him as a person in the service of Pakistan.

(4) A Judge who was holding office as such immediately before the commencement of this Order may draw leave salary in foreign exchange in respect of any period of leave spent outside Pakistan as if he were a Federal Government servant recruited prior to the 17th May, 1958.

8. Encashment of leave. A Judge who has, at the time of retirement, three hundred and sixty‑five days leave on full salary to his credit, shall be paid six months salary in lieu of leave not availed of.

9. Extraordinary leave.‑(1) Leave in excess of any leave admissible under for foregoing provisions of this Order may be granted to a Judge for a period not exceeding six months and not more than once during the whole period of his service.

(2) No leave under sub‑paragraph (1) shall be granted to a Judge so as to terminate with his retirement nor after he has tendered his resignation.

(3) No leave salary shall be payable to a Judge in respect of the period of leave granted under sub‑paragraph (1).

10. Combining leave with vacation. A Judge may be permitted to combine vacation with leave of any kind if the leave is either at the commencement or at the end of vacation but not at both:---

Provided that no such permission shall be granted to a Judge if it becomes necessary thereby to appoint an Acting Judge.

11. Overstaying leave or vacation. if a Judge overstays his leave or any vacation, whether combined with leave or not, he shall receive no salary for the period of his absence in excess of the leave granted to him or beyond the end of the vacation, as the case may be:---

Provided that, if such absence is due to circumstances beyond his control, the period thereof may be treated as leave admissible to him.

12. Abeyance of acting appointments in vacation. Nothing in this Order shall be construed as authorising any Acting Chief Justice or Acting Judge to continue to hold his acting appointment during vacation.

13. Special Disability Leave. Special disability leave may be granted to a fudge when he is disabled by injury intentionally inflicted or caused in, or in consequence of, the due performance of his official duties or in consequence of his official position and the provisions of Fundamental Rule 83 shall, so far as may be, apply to a Judge as they apply to a Government servant under the rule making power of the President.

14. Authority competent to grant leave. The authority competent to grant or refuse leave, or to revoke or curtail leave already granted, shall, in the case of the Chief Justice, be the President and, in the case of other Judges, the Chief Justice.


15. Entitlement. A Judge shall, on his retirement, resignation or removal, be paid a pension in accordance with the provisions of this Order if he has,---

(a) attained the retiring age; and

(b) completed not less than ten years' service as Judge or not less than seven years' service for pension and before attaining the retiring age resigned; or

(c) completed not less than five years' service as Judge or not less than three years' service for pension and, before attaining the retiring age, resigned, his resignation having been medically certified to be necessitated by ill health or been removed for physical or mental incapacity.

16. Payable pension.‑(1) Subject to sub‑paragraph (2), the Chief Justice and a Judge on his retirement or resignation as provided in paragraph 15 shall be entitled to the minimum amount of pension equal to seventy per cent of the salary determined by the President from time to time payable to the Chief Justice, or as the case may be, a Judge plus five per cent of the said salary for each completed year of service either as the Chief Justice or as the Judge not exceeding the maximum amount of pension equal to eighty‑five per cent of the said salary:

Provided that for the period between twenty‑seven day of July, 1991 and the thirty‑first day of May, 1994 the minimum and the maximum amounts shall refer to the amounts specified in the Pension of Judges of Superior Courts Order, 1993 (P.O. 2 of 1993).

(2) If a Chief Justice or a Judge' before his appointment in the Supreme Court was the Chief Justice or a Judge of a High Court and the pension payable to him as Chief Justice or Judge of the High Court would have been more than the pension payable to him under sub‑paragraph (1) if he would have retired on the day he was appointed in the Supreme Court he would have the option to receive pension either under sub‑paragraph (1) or of the High Court.

17. Commutation of pension. The Civil Pension (Commutation) Rules shall, with necessary modification, apply to a Judge.

18. Extraordinary pension.‑‑‑The Central Civil Services (Extraordinary Pension) Rules shall apply to a Judge, who may suffer injury or die as a result of violence as they apply to an officer of the Federal Government subject to the modification that reference in those rules to tables relating to injury gratuities and pensions and family gratuities and pensions, shall be construed as reference to the corresponding tables in the Schedule to this Order.

19. Subsidiary condition of service. Subject to the provisions of this order and such other provisions as the President may make in this behalf, other privileges and rights of a Judge shall be determined by the rules for the time being applicable to an officer appointed by the President holding the rank of Secretary to the Federal Government:---

Provided that nothing in this paragraph shall have effect so as to give to a Judge who is a member of a civil service less favourable terms in respect of his conditions of service than those to which he would be entitled as a member of such service if he had not been appointed as a Judge, his service as a Judge being treated as service for the purpose of determining those privileges and rights.

20. Official residence.‑(1) A Judge shall be entitled, without payment of rent, to the use of a residence throughout his term of office and for a period of thirty days thereafter and no charge shall fall on him personally in respect of its maintenance.

(2) Where a Judge chooses to reside in a house not provided by Government he shall be entitled to be paid a monthly allowance of thirteen thousand five hundred rupees and his residence shall also be, maintained at Government expense.

Explanation.‑ In this paragraph,---

(a) maintenance in relation to a residence includes the payment of local rates and taxes and the provision of electricity, gas and water; and

(b) residence includes the staff quarters and other building appurtenant to, and the gardens of the residence.

21. Official car.‑(1) A Judge shall be entitled to the use of an official car maintained at Government expense, but shall have to bear the cost of petrol used in the car during a month in excess of four hundred litres.

(2) A car provided for the use of a Judge shall be used by him until he retires, subject to its replacement earlier, either because of its having completed the specified number of years of service or distance to be covered or of its having become unserviceable in accordance with the rules.

22. Superior judicial allowance. A Judge shall be entitled to be paid monthly, a Superior Judicial Office Allowance amounting to three thousand and six hundred rupees in the case of Chief Justice and three thousand and five hundred rupees in case of every other Judge.

Explanation.‑ For the purposes of this paragraph, “Chief Justice” includes “Acting Chief Justice”.

23. Cost of living allowance. A cost of living allowance to be paid per mensem to the Chief Justice of Pakistan shall be one thousand four hundred and seventeen rupees and that to be so paid to every other Judge of the Supreme Court shall be one thousand three hundred and forty‑one rupees.

24. Exemption from income‑tax. No income‑tax shall be payable in respect of the allowance admissible to a Judge under paragraph 20 or paragraph 22 or 23 or the other benefits and perquisites to which a Judge is entitled under the said paragraph 20 or paragraph 21.

25. Facilities to retired Judges.‑‑‑A Judge on retirement shall be entitled at Government expense to the services of either a driver or an orderly at his option. The service of driver or an orderly, as the case may be, will remain available, after the death of a Judge to his widow.

26. Repeal. The Supreme Court Judges (Leave, Pension and Privileges) Order, 1968 is hereby repealed.


(See paragraph 18)


Annual Annual

Officer Gratuity Pension Pension

Higher Lower

Scale Scale

The Chief Justice or a Judge

of the Supreme Court Rs.37,500 Rs.7,700 Rs.5,000



Officer Gratuity Annual Pension

The Chief Justice or a Judge

of the Supreme Court Rs.20,600 Rs.8,000


If child is motherless: Rs.1,300

If child is not motherless: Rs.600


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